There’s little worse than a ceiling fan that stops working in the middle of a hot summer’s day. Thankfully, many of the problems are pretty simple, and you can fix them quickly. Unfortunately, this isn’t always the case, for some, you may need to call an electrician to help you.
Here are 8 reasons why your ceiling fan is not working:
- Your motor has overheated.
- Your circuit breaker has tripped.
- Your wiring has disconnected.
- Your fan’s pull chain switch is broken.
- Your wall switch is broken.
- Your reverse switch is in neutral.
- Your fan remote has run out of battery.
- The remote and the receiver are at different frequencies.
As you’ve noted from the points above, there are many possible reasons why your ceiling fan has suddenly stopped working. This article will guide you through why these problems have occurred and how to spot the culprit. We’ll also look at some ways to fix the issues.
1. Your Motor Has Overheated
A common reason why fans stop working is overheating. Overheating can be the result of too much dust or rust.
With ceiling fans being so high up, we can easily forget to dust them during our cleaning sprees. If you take a look on top of your blades, you may be surprised at how much dust you’ll find.
Accumulated dust can strain both the blades (preventing them from spinning smoothly) and the fan’s motor. If dust clogs up the filters, the motor won’t be able to cool down, which will result in overheating.
Another problem could be rust. Rust in the motor will cause it to seize up. It occurs when the fan’s vulnerable to drops of water, either from rain or cleaning. It can rust from salty air if it’s located near the ocean or in high humidity areas.
Prevent dust and rust accumulation in the future by vacuuming the blades and motor every few months and adding a couple of drops of oil to all moving parts, as lubrication is essential in preventing it from seizing up.
If you stay in an area with high humidity levels or live near the ocean, I recommend trying out Honeywell Ceiling Fans (available on Amazon.com). The materials used in these ceiling fans are designed for outdoor use and are therefore less prone to corrosion and rusting.
How To Fix It
Even though the fan may not be working once switched on, the fanlights should still come on, and you may hear a humming noise. To check if your motor has burnt out, switch the fan’s circuit breaker off and remove the motor housing. You’ll see if the motor has burnt out because it’ll be melted.
Unfortunately, replacing the motor is the only way to fix a fan that has overheated and resulted in motor failure. Make sure that you buy the same one that was in your fan. Thankfully, they’re not very pricey.
2. Your Circuit Breaker Has Tripped
If your fan suddenly stops working, one of the first things to check is the circuit breaker. As simple as it may sound, your ceiling fan may have stopped working because it has stopped receiving electricity due to a tripped or turned-off circuit breaker.
A tripped circuit breaker is common in many households. Too many appliances can overload the circuit. If your circuit breaker has tripped, unplug a few devices from the circuit.
For safety purposes, your circuit breaker will trip, stopping the flow of electricity and leaving the circuit inactive. This occurs to prevent damage to the wires, overheating, or even fires.
How To Fix It
To fix a tripped circuit breaker, follow the steps below:
- Check your circuit breaker by going to your electrical panel.
- If the switch is halfway down on the panel of your ceiling fan’s circuit, push it entirely down to turn it off.
- Once off, push it back up as this restarts the circuit.
If your circuit breaker repeatedly trips, move appliances onto other circuits. A circuit that trips often is an indication that it has too high of an electrical demand placed on it.
3. Your Wiring Has Disconnected
I don’t know about you, but when it’s a scorching summer’s day, my fan will be on a high speed from morning until night. This continuous level of use may easily result in a wire coming loose within the fan’s motor housing.
A loose wire will result in no electricity going into your fan or its lights, even if you’ve switched it on at the wall.
How To Fix It
Here are the steps to fix you wiring that has disconnected:
- Before touching the ceiling fan, switch the circuit breaker off (push the switch entirely down) at the electrical panel. You may need to get someone to help you with the next part.
- Unscrew the motor housing from the ceiling, and lower the fan down.
- Check each wire’s connection.
- If all the wires are connected, you’ll have to unscrew the electrical box attached to the ceiling and untuck the wires.
- If you see a disconnected wire, twist it back into its matching wire.
- Tighten the wire nut over the joining ends.
- Tuck the wires back into the electrical box and mount the fan onto the ceiling.
- Turn the power supply back on and test your fan.
If your fan is still not working or you don’t feel confident working with electrical wires, phone an electrician to check your fan instead. Safety should always be your number one priority.
4. Your Fan’s Pull Chain Switch Is Broken
If your fan’s pull chain won’t pull down, if you pulled too hard and it broke off inside the housing, or if your ceiling fan won’t come on when you’ve drawn it, you’ll need to replace the pull chain switch.
How To Fix It
Remember that before you start working on any part of your ceiling fan, always start by turning off its circuit breaker on the electrical panel to cut the power supply and keep you shock-free. This step is the most important and could be the difference between life and death.
Once you unscrew the fan and open up the housing, you’ll see all the wires – and the pull chain switch. Then follow the steps below to completely fix your fan’s broken pull chain switch:
- Remove the mounting screw on the side of the housing and pop the switch out of the housing.
- Disconnect the connecting wires from the switch by unscrewing the wire nuts.
- Your pull chain switch should now be disconnected and removed.
- You can take the pull chain switch to the hardware store to match it up and buy the same one to replace it with.
- Color-coordinate the fan wires to your new switch’s wires and connect them by screwing the wire nuts onto the tips.
- To reinforce each connection, wrap a piece of tape around each wire nut.
- Take the new chain and feed it through the hole on the side of the housing.
- Rescrew the mounting screw.
- Screw the fan back up, turn the circuit breaker on and test your fan.
5. Your Wall Switch Is Broken
If you’ve switched your ceiling fan on and it’s not working, the fan may not be the problem at all. The problem may be with the wall switch.
This problem involves opening up the switch on your wall that turns your fan on and off. If you don’t feel comfortable or confident fixing the wires, call your electrician. Typically, electricians will do it for a reasonable price.
How To Fix It
Follow the steps below to fix your broken wall switch:
- Go to the electrical panel and turn off the electricity to the room that the fan switch is in.
- Unscrew the faceplate and take it off.
- Unscrew the switch and pull it out.
- Disconnect one wire at a time and replace it with the matching wire from the new switch. Twist the wires into each other and connect them with a splice connector. Disconnecting the wire from the old switch and replacing it with the new one before moving on to the next one helps prevent confusion and incorrect wiring.
- The sticker on your new switch will indicate which side is the top and which is the bottom.
- Stick the wires into the hole in the wall, line your new switch up and screw it in.
- Screw on your new faceplate.
- Turn your power supply back on and test your switch.
6. Your Reverse Switch Is in Neutral
A lot of fans have the reverse switch function. If you’re not sure if yours does, turn off your fan, climb up your step ladder, and take a look.
You can locate most of the reverse switches either on the side or top of the fan’s motor housing. If you have a remote control for your ceiling fan, the reverse switch may be on there.
The reverse switch is a beneficial function. Most people typically set their ceiling fans to rotate in an anticlockwise motion in summer as this motion of the blades cools a room down. When you push the reverse switch in the opposite direction, the blades rotate clockwise, which pushes the warm air down from the ceiling. The flip of a switch can add warmth and can lower your electricity bills.
If you have pushed the reverse switch to neutral, your fan won’t spin. You or another house member may have accidentally done this while cleaning your fan. Thankfully, it’s quick to fix!
How To Fix It
To get your fan back to either rotating anticlockwise or clockwise, push the reverse switch entirely back or all the way forward to get it into the rotation you desire.
7. Your Fan Remote Has Run Out of Battery
Does this sound too simple to be the problem? Believe me, when I’m stressing about why an appliance isn’t working, I tend to forget the basics.
Not all ceiling fans operate through a remote, but if yours does and your fan was working the last time you turned it on but not this time, it may very well be that the batteries have run flat.
How To Fix It
Before rushing out to buy new batteries, remember to open the back of the remote and check what kind of batteries it requires. Swap them out once you have bought new ones, matching the plus and minus sign up to the remote as instructed.
8. The Remote and the Receiver Are at Different Frequencies
If getting new batteries for the remote didn’t solve the problem, your remote and receiver may not be set to the same frequency. If they’re on different frequencies, the receiver won’t pick up any instruction from the remote.
How To Fix It
Here are the steps on how to fix your fan when the remote and the receiver are at different frequencies:
- Turn off the power supply to your fan at the circuit breaker.
- You’ll find the receiver in the mounting bracket on your fan.
- Take it out and slide the four buttons to form your own pattern on the dip switch.
- Put the receiver back into its place in the mounting bracket.
- You’ll find your remote’s dip switch where you locate the batteries.
- Slide the four buttons into the same pattern that you placed into the receiver.
- Turn the power supply back on and test your fan now that you’ve set your remote and receiver to the same frequencies.
A Quick Recap
There are several reasons why your fan could have stopped working. Either gradually or suddenly. Give each tip a go as it could be a simple fix and a big money saver!
Before working on your ceiling fan or the wires, turn off the circuit breaker that supplies power to your ceiling fan on the electrical panel.
If you’ve tried all of the tips in the article, and your fan is still not working, you may need to have your fan replaced. If you don’t feel confident enough to fiddle around with the wiring, phone your electrician to come out and look at it.
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