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When shopping for a ceiling fan you might wonder how much CFM a fan should be able to push for your space. Each fan has a different CFM rating due to differences in the size and shape of the blades, motor power, and more. And of course the size of your room is very important.
This chart shows how much CFM a ceiling fan needs for the space (in square footage):
|<200 sq. ft. (<18.58 sq. m)||2,000-3,000|
|200-300 sq. ft. (18.58-27.87 sq. m)||3,000-4,000|
|300-450 sq. ft. (27.87-41.81 sq. m)||4,000-6,000|
|>450 sq. ft. (>41.81 sq. m)||5,000-9,000|
Read on to learn how to determine the right CFM for your space based on the room’s square footage. This article will help you choose the right ceiling fan so that you effectively cool your space without overusing energy.
Determining How Much CFM a Fan Needs for Your Space
Most ceiling fans have a CFM rating of about 4,000, but you can find ones that range from 2,000 to 10,000 CFM. In general, you want the CFM to fit the space as well as you can; more isn’t always better. A higher CFM means higher energy usage, and you want to be efficient with energy while moving enough air to keep your room cool and dry.
You can figure out how much CFM you need if you know the room’s square footage you need to cool. The right CFM per square footage is represented in the table above.
Keep in mind that those measurements assume the height of the room to be about 8 feet (2.44 m) tall. If your room is much taller or shorter than that, the needed CFM will be slightly different than what’s noted.
Calculating the Square Footage of a Room
Before you can determine the appropriate CFM for your room, you need to figure out what the room’s square footage is. You can do this by measuring the length of the area by its width. If you know the size of the space in square yards, you can also multiply that by three because there are 3 feet (0.91 m) in each yard.
If your room has a closet, measure the square footage of the main room and the square footage of the closet and then add them together. Typically, bedrooms and kitchens are about 200-300 square feet (18.58-27.87 sq. m), and living rooms are about 300-450 square feet (27.87-41.81 sq. m).
The amount of CFM your fan needs for the space depends on the size of your space. Bigger rooms need more CFM because they contain more air.
CFM is used to compute a fan’s effectiveness by measuring how much cubic feet of air is moved per minute. Measurements of CFM assume that the fan is rotating at the highest speed possible. It’s influenced largely by the size and shape of the fan and the power of the motor.
Airflow efficiency is calculated by dividing the CFM by the watts used to run the fan. Ideally, your fan will have not only an appropriate CFM but also a low wattage of energy use relative to the amount of air moved.
To find a fan with high airflow efficiency, look for a powerful motor and slightly tilted fan blades with a pitch of about 13 inches (33.02 cm).
Factors That Influence a Ceiling Fan’s CFM
CFM is influenced by the fan’s rotations per minute rate, the size of the fan blades, the blade tilt, the quality of the motor, and the height from the ceiling.
Rotations per Minute
The fan’s rotations per minute is determined by the rotational speed of the fan’s motor. Most fans have a rotational speed of about 300-350 RPM, although high-speed fans can reach 380-390 RPM.
A fan with a high RPM will generally have a higher CFM because it can move more air more quickly.
Ideally, your fan will have at least six different speed settings, ranging from low to high. This allows you to maximize the efficiency of your fan by choosing an airflow that matches your needs on any given day.
A high RPM can only do so much on its own, however. It needs to be paired with blades with an appropriate pitch and a motor with enough power to circulate the air properly.
When a fan has bigger blades, it’ll push more air with every rotation, increasing the overall CFM. Usually, fans have a blade size of 40-65 inches (101.6-165.1 cm), although you can find even bigger blades if you need them to fit a larger space. Just remember that bigger fan blades will take more energy to turn, so you’ll want the blades to fit the space, not be the biggest possible.
Blades vary in size in terms of length and width, so make sure that you take both into account when choosing your fan. You also need to ensure that the blades work well with the motor, as a mismatch can cause a major malfunction.
The more a ceiling fan blade is tilted, the more it’ll push air as it turns, and the more energy it will take from the motor to spin around. Usually, fan blades have a tilt of about 13 inches (33.02 cm), although they can be as much as 14 to 15 degrees. This measurement is also sometimes called the pitch. Like blade size, blade tilt contributes to the energy used when spinning the fan, so more isn’t always better.
With less tilt, flatter blades don’t put as much strain on the motor when they spin. Blades with more tilt require a stronger motor to push them along and push more air as they spin. If your fan tends to wobble, it could be because the blades don’t have enough of a steep pitch, overworking the motor without pushing air very forcefully.
If your fan breaks down or gets worn out quickly, it could be because the blades are too steep, putting too much strain on a motor that’s not strong enough to handle it.
The quality of the motor is perhaps the most important factor in determining the CFM of a fan because it influences the amount of energy being put into transforming airflow. A higher-quality motor will move air more quickly, improving the rate at which air is refreshed in the room and increasing the CFM.
Ceiling fans with powerful motors tend to be more expensive, so be aware that these kinds of fans take some investment.
Height From the Ceiling
In general, a ceiling fan needs to be at least 10-12 inches (25.4-30.48 cm) from the ceiling to properly circulate the air in a room. However, some fans, known as hugger fans, are designed to work flush against the ceiling. However, the closer the blades are to the ceiling, the less efficient a fan gets. Mounting a ceiling fan very close to the ceiling, could reduce efficiency and effectiveness. That means a fan could not meet its CFM rating.
If you have vaulted ceilings, you may need a larger distance between the ceiling fan and the ceiling. In this case, just make sure that the fan is about 8-9 feet (2.44-2.74 m) up from the floor.
The CFM that you need for your ceiling fan depends on the size of the room you’re looking to cool. Bigger rooms will require more CFM, and smaller rooms require less. CFM is influenced by the size of the fan and fan blades, the speed the fan rotates, and the degree that the blades tilt or pitch.
Keep in mind, CFM is just one factor that you need to consider when choosing a ceiling fan for your room. Be sure you’re choosing the right type of fan that best fits the space you have.
- TodaysFans: What Is CFM in a Ceiling Fan?
- Y Lighting: How To Choose A Ceiling Fan – Size Guide, Blades & Airflow
- Lightology: How to Shop for a Ceiling Fan
- Bungalow: How to Calculate Square Feet Using One Easy Formula
- Learn Metrics: CFM Calculator: How To Calculate CFM (+ Chart)
- Finolex: Finding the Right Ceiling Fan For Your Room
- The Strategist: 17 Best Ceiling Fans 2021
- Lumens: What Is CFM? | Ceiling Fan CFM & Airflow Efficiency at Lumens.com